An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, or four-wheeler, is defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires.
The modern breed of ATVs were introduced in the early 1970s and almost immediately realized alarming injury rates for children and adolescents. Based on analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank ATVs are more dangerous than dirt bikes, possibly due to crush injuries and failure to wear safety gear such as helmets. They are as dangerous as motorcycles, based on mortality and injury scores. More children and women are injured on ATVs, who also present a lower rate of helmet usage.
So often, ATV fatalities result from injuries that could have been prevented with proper training and gear, Whitt said. Make sure each child:
Is the appropriate size for the machine he or she will use。
Has an ATV that is working correctly.
Does not operate the machine after dark or in poor weather conditions.。
Wears a U.S. Department of Transportation-approved helmet with eye protection.
Wears long pants and long sleeves.
Carries a cell phone to call an adult in case there is a problem.。
Many common injuries can be prevented with the use of proper protective equipment. Most ATV manufacturers recommend at least a suitable DOT-approved helmet, protective eyewear, gloves and suitable riding boots for all riding conditions. Sport or aggressive riders, or riders on challenging terrain may opt for a motocross-style chest protector and knee/shin guards for further protection. Proper tires can also play a important role in preventing injuries.
According to research, parental supervision is a key element to a child’s safety. Children under the age of 16 must be supervised at all times when operating an ATV.
(Resourse:.wvu.edu, reprinted by www.thepandacover that aimed at offering ATV covers. You may find many types of ATV covers in Panda Cover.)